The agreement`s decisions apply to all countries, whether developed or developing, recognizing common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. The agreement will enter into force after 55 countries, representing at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have adopted their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. The signing of the instrument will begin in April 2016, allowing the parties to sign and ratify the agreement within one year. [Editor`s note: At the time of publication, Fiji was the first country to ratify the agreement.] The agreement stated that it would only enter into force (and therefore fully effective) if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)  ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.   On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement.  175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.   On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. The Paris Agreement provides a sustainable framework that guides global efforts for decades to come.
The aim is to create a continuous cycle that prevents countries from increasing their ambitions over time. In order to encourage increased ambitions, the agreement defines two interconnected processes, each with a five-year cycle. The first is a “comprehensive state of affairs” to assess the collective progress made in achieving the long-term goals of the agreement. The parties will then submit new NDCs “informed of the results of the global inventory.” Since the Paris Agreement is expected to apply after 2020, the first formal inventory of the agreement will not be carried out until 2023. However, as part of a decision attached to the agreement, the parties decided to restart the five-year cycle with a “facilitation dialogue” on collective progress in 2018 and the presentation of the NDC by 2030 to 2020. In December 2015, governments of more than 190 nations met in Paris with immense enthusiasm and expectations for a global agreement to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement, seen as an important milestone in the history of international climate change negotiations, succeeded in creating a revolutionary agreement between the parties to deal with the negative effects of climate change. Unlike previous agreements, the Paris Agreement recognized the urgency of keeping the temperature rise at 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, although this remains a goal that is more than a goal. It is clear that all aspects of the Paris Agreement are essential to its effective implementation when it is in 2021.
On the road to Katowice, the Polish Presidency will have to distill the essential and mature elements of adoption regulations and allocate the remaining elements to a training programme. Katowice`s disappointment could cost us dearly in terms of confidence in the Paris agreement and the ability to increase the ambitions of the parties. On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go.Â He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.” It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations.Â   Among the United States